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 Present day Motherboard Technology Explained.

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PostSubject: Present day Motherboard Technology Explained.   Sat Oct 15, 2011 4:08 pm

As motherboard manufacturers create their wares good same chipsets, how can we customers differentiate their product during a competitor's?
Of course, it's the first thing to know the explanation behind how new technologies is usually connected together on a motherboard, but it's another to know where ensure physically pop your processor chip, memory and expansion greeting cards. That's handled by this ATX specification, now about version 2. 2. Inspite of being incredibly dull, it's imperative and specifies crucial things along the lines of: what size the motherboard is often, where mounting holes are found, power connections, power grades, physical positioning of ingredients, color of connections et cetera. Boring maybe, but if vendors decided they'd put these materials wherever they liked, it would be chaos.
Despite increasingly being around since 1996, ATX includes staved off multiple tried out coups, including BTX, introduced by Intel in 2003 mostly resulting from the soaring power output of this old P4. It proposed optimized airflow, a more robust heatsink and motherboard spot with dedicated low-profile design. But as the P4 passed, any justification for the actual increased costs of BTX became extinct to boot.
We're seeing ever-increasing drives to power consumption and grow efficiency: laptop motherboards use technology which will reduce idle Northbridge capacity to below 1W, though a large running desktop system board will suck around 40W idle, compared in the 10-20W for an over-all laptop. The VIA mini-desktop ITX motherboards strike a balance during this front, usually consuming 10-15W with idle and usually not as much as 20W under full stress, but that's hardly ever going being a realistic choice for the gamer or anybody else that wants to conduct other intensive tasks.
Organ of the problem is just energy regulation, that's pulling the 12v line to around 1. 5v for any processor. Much like PSU proficiency, motherboards have the similar problem. Much noise created about multi-phase voltage regulators: while we're sure many people do smooth the voltage on technical terms, they find a way to have little real impact. Similarly, new energy regulation modules for example Gigabyte DES or Asus EPU claim to modify voltages and perhaps clock speeds better. These do affect electric power consumption, perhaps as much as 10w or longer at full load.
Despite some shrinkage sold in the market over the last couple of years - VIA being sidelined, ULi being bought by way of NVIDIA and names for example ALi and SiS slipping towards the background - there's still loads of choice if you're from new motherboard. Higher numbers of integration mean you have more for your money; budget boards come filled with features while today's high-end message boards come bristling with spectacular extras, to the stage of confusion and pointlessness.
Intel remains the leading edge chipset supplier: about about half the world's motherboards obtain 慖ntel Inside? It's even a technology leader, bringing new developments just like PCIe v2, SATA couple of first to boards with new chipsets. It has used any Memory Controller Hub (MCH) being the Northbridge and the I/O Controller Hub (ICH) with the Southbridge ideology since the debut from the P4. ICH9 is the on-going mainstream Intel Southbridge and supports roughly 12 USB 2. 0, half dozen SATA, two eSATA not to mention twin Gigabit network places, plus high-definition audio not to mention six single PCIe lanes. Excess options can supply electronics RAID and Turbo Reminiscence. ICH10 is just growing to be available but adds little in the party: you should note there can be no PATA channels in the slightest.
Robson technology, now labeled Turbo Memory, was required to increase drive performance, but real-world email address details are disappointing. ICHl0 introduced User Pinning so you'll be able to permanently store an application in your flash memory. This has been an interesting development, but remember that it is somewhat overshadowed by manufacturers like Asus Express Gate that help you boot into a 慥irtual Kitchen appliance Environment? (VAE) featuring an interesting GUI, a browser based upon Firefox 2. 0 and a Skype VolP client within six seconds, courtesy from a compact Linux distribution. This 'instant-on' OS offers many perks: it's able to are operated with PCs where the drive is absent or not working, and is less about to malware as the system is certainly caused by read-only. Already a feature of this Eee Box and 9 decades others, Asus will be stretching out Express Gate to its whole range last season. Intel's high-end option keeps the X range; the X48 is a only motherboard to legally support the 1600FSB designed for both DDR3 and Key 2 Extreme Edition. In truth though, most available X38 motherboards may actually offer this support anyways, as well as that XMP for enhanced recollection performance profiles. It has also two l6-lane PCIe v2 slot machine games for CrossFire support.
The identical situation can be given to the new P45 that will replaces the P35. Not less than it does introduce PCIe v2 as well as optionally supports three pictures slots, but as it's positioned for a mainstream chipset, it's hardly required after all this. If your modules service it, Intel XMP memory technology means you get the best performance outside of them.
NVIDIA has always made the effort of offering both Intel and even AMD options. Currently, its 790i Ultra SLI featuring its top-end Intel chipset, presents: PCIe v2, support on two whole 16-lane graphics slots including a third PCIe vl 16-lane slit, DDR3 up to 2000MHz in addition to 1600FSB support. The accompanying MCP Southbridge provides an additional 12 lanes connected with PCIe, twin Gigabit shipping, ten USB ports, high-definition acoustic, six SATA and two PATA ports and perhaps a PCI bus.
Compared with the Intel chipsets, NVIDIA has prefer DDR3 only, firmly encamping along at the high-end. It of course affords the NVIDIA 慡LI-Ready Memory? know-how for EPP memory service. For people requiring DDR2 service, the 780i still offers triple SLi inside of a largely similar configuration in the 790i and the 750i featuring a 慥anilla? PCIe v2 SLi aid.
With its AMD collection of chipsets NVIDIA's entire variety sports integrated graphics -- DirectX 10, HDMI plus HDCP-compatibility. We guess the issue of a memory controller at the Northbridge helps when stuff get busy, almost like having a spare room in your home. The 780a is her high-end option and facilitates three-way SLi - repeatedly, via two PCIe v2 including a single v1 16-lane slot machine games. Oddly, the SLi support hangs heli-copter flight Southbridge, that being her sole job. The usual Southbridge connections are at the Northbridge, offering 12 UNIVERSAL SERIES BUS 2, six SATA, not one but two PATA and Gigabit convey, plus high-definition audio not to mention three more PCIe v1 lanes.
To get mid- and entry-level people, the NVIDIA 8300/8200 chipsets could be the perfect choice. Identical through everything but graphics pace, these are single chipset answers, offering the same abilities being the 780a but with very single 16-lane PCIe v2 slot machine. This is somewhat nicely balanced via the Hybrid SLi include that uses the on-ship graphics to accelerate images or save power. The Hybrid mode only harmonizes with the 8400GS and 8500GT business cards, which makes sense with regard to low-end options.
Finally, why not consider AMD? It's still promoting its high-end 700 chipset, and has now rebranded the ageing Xpress 3200 plus Xpress 1600 ranges in the 580X and 480X to take out any confusion from his or her Intel-compatible counterparts. The high-end 790FX (launched in the end of 2007) is still something from a power-house. It supports two real CPU sockets -rare in real-life - coupled with 42 PCIe v2 lanes which allows four-way CrossFire fun through two full 16-lane and two 8-lane slots. Wow, and twin Gigabit shipping - yes, it's a reasonably feature-heavy Northbridge, alright. Random, then, that it was typically paired aided by the comparatively weak SB600 Southbridge, presenting only four SATA places, an extra four PCIe v1 lanes, RAID, not one but two PATA channels and 10 HARDWARE 2. 0 ports. Enjoyably, this is being superseded by your SB700/750, with six SATA shipping, eSATA support, 14 UNIVERSAL SERIES BUS ports and support with regard to hybrid flash drives.
To get more mid-range systems, AMD's 790X supports only two physical CrossFire slots as well as new 780G. This last chipset is of interest while it comes with integrated graphics and similar features to the actual NVIDIA 8300/8200 chipsets. The Hybrid CrossFire is effective alongside a HD2400 and HD3450 graphics card around 50 per cent improves in 3D speed. Those will remain that you can buy for a good even though. New high-end options for example Intel X58 and a AMD 800 series are along the route with new sockets in addition to better memory support, but not until the start of 2009.

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